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加拿大的英文简介

作者:菠菜论坛官网 发布时间:2020-07-18 09:01 浏览次数:

  加拿大政治体制为联邦制和议会制君主立宪制,英国女王伊丽莎白二世为国家元首及国家象征,并任命女王总督派驻。

  加拿大原为印第安人与因纽特人的居住地。16世纪后,英国和法国殖民者先后侵入;1763年沦为英国殖民地。1867年成为英国自治领。1926年英国承认其平等地位,获得外交独立权。

  1931年成为英联邦成员国,其议会也获得了同英国议会同等的立法权,1982年,英国女王签署《加拿大宪法法案》,加拿大议会获得立宪、修宪的全部权利。

  Canada来自于圣劳伦斯易洛魁语中的Kanata一词,意思解作“村”或“聚居地”。1535年,居住在现今魁北克市的原住民将法国探险者雅克·卡蒂埃带到斯塔达科纳,并称该地为Kanata。后来雅克·卡蒂埃便用Canada指多纳科纳(即斯塔达科纳的首领)统治的地区。1545年,欧洲的书籍和地图都开始用Canada代表这片区域。

  在17世纪和18世纪早期,Canada指新法兰西的圣劳伦斯河流域的地区。为了应对十三个殖民地居民的反英活动,英国政府在1774年颁布魁北克法案,这法案把加拿大的范围扩展至五大湖南部的地区,远及俄亥俄河。

  这些土地大部分在1783年被移交给新生的美国,但五大湖以北的土地,即现今安大略省的大部分地区,被英国保留下来。在新法兰西被英国占领后,加拿大被分为两部分,即上加拿大和下加拿大。1841年,上下加拿大又合并为加拿大省。

  1867年,加拿大省与新不伦瑞克和新斯科舍组成加拿大自治领。随着加拿大逐渐脱离英国,其政府也逐渐在官方文件和条约中使用加拿大这一简称。1982年,加拿大国庆日的官方名称从自治领日改为加拿大日

  Canada is the worlds longest coastline in the country. The southern border with the United States, the 8,892-km-long border. Across the northern part of the sea with Russia. As the cold northern climate, only 12% of the land suitable for farming. Therefore, most of Canadas 30 million people live in a mild climate, a few hundred kilometers from the southern boundary of the strip of territory, especially with the United States bordering the lakes and St. Lawrence region, flat, fertile land and rich natural resources. Canada is the most densely populated, most concentrated in the industrial and agricultural areas. Canadian lakes. If Xiatianfei over Northern Ontario or Manitoba, you will see the water than on land, and countless large and small lakes. According to estimates, Canada has the worlds seventh volume of fresh water. In addition to the lakes connected with the United States and Canada, there are also many rivers. Canada is a very rich amount of rain and snow in the country have access to adequate water, trees and crops. thus grow lush busy. And pomegranate, a dazzling Xuefeng scenery is world-renowned. Canadas forest cover to 44% of the nations total area, after Russia and Brazil, ranking third in the world. Canada is rich in mineral resources, is a world apart from the United States and Russia, one of the biggest mines. Canada has five geographical regions. Is the eastern Atlantic regions, the central area, grassland, the west coast region and the northern areas. Eastern areas to fisheries, agriculture, forest, mining, etc.; The central provinces of Ontario and Quebec is the most densely populated areas, Canada accounted for three-quarters of the industry are located here. Savanna including Manitoba. Saskatchewan moderate Alberta province, where flat land is fertile and rich in energy resources. British west coast region, is a famous mountain and forest areas, timber, fruits, rich in marine resources and other assets; from the northern Yukon and Northwest Territories district composed abounds in oil, natural gas, gold, lead and zinc. History : the former residence of the Indians and Inuit. Into the 16th century, the British colonial government, and then he was ceded to Britain. 1867, the British Canadian province of New Brunswick as a joint federal and provincial Nuowasike homes. Britain became the first Dominion. Since then, other provinces are joining the Federation. 1926, the British recognized the increase of equal status, plus the right to receive independent diplomacy. In 1931 and became member of the Commonwealth, the Board has agreed with the British Council equal legislative powers, but no constitutional amendment rights. 1982, Britains Queen signed the Constitution Act of Canada, Canadian Parliament was constitutional, the power of revising the constitution.

  加拿大是世界上海岸线最长的国家。南部5261与美国接壤,国境4102线海与俄罗斯相望。由于北部的严寒气候,只有12%的土地适合耕种。因此,加拿大的三千万人口大多居住在气候温和,距离南部边界几百公里以内的狭长领土内,尤其是与美国接壤的湖群和圣劳伦斯地区,地势平坦、土地肥沃、物产丰富,是加拿大人口最稠密、工农业最集中的地区。

  加拿大湖泊众多。如果在夏天飞过曼尼托巴或北安大略,你将看到水面多于陆地,大大小小的湖泊不计其数。据估测,加拿大拥有全世界七分之一的淡水量。除了与美国相连的五大湖,加拿大还有众多的河流。加拿大是一个雨雪量都非常丰富的国家,林木和农作物都能得到充分的水量,因而生长得茂密繁盛。而变化多端,光彩夺目的雪峰景色,更是举世闻名。

  加拿大的森林覆盖面积为占全国总面积的44%,仅次于俄罗斯和巴西,居世界第三位。加拿大有丰富的矿藏,是世界上除美国和俄罗斯以外最大的产矿国之一。

  加拿大有五大地理区。分别是东部大西洋区、中部区、草原区、西海岸地区和北部区。东部区以渔业、农业、森林、 采矿业等为主;中部的安大略和魁北克省是人口最密集的地区,占加拿大四分之三的制造业都位于这里;草原区包括曼尼托巴、萨斯喀彻温和阿尔伯达省,这里土地平坦肥沃,能源资源丰富。西海岸区是卑诗省,是著名的山区和森林区,木材、水果、海洋资产等资源丰富;北部区由育空和西北领地组成,盛产石油、天然气、金、铅和锌。

  历史:原为印第安人与因纽特人居住地。16 世纪沦为法、英殖民地,后又被法割让给英国。1867年,英将加拿大省、新不伦瑞克省和诺瓦斯科舍省合并为一个联邦,成为英国最早的自治领。此后,其它省也陆续加入联邦。1926年,英国承认加的“平等地位”,加始获外交独立权。1931年,成为英联邦成员国,其议会也获得了同英议会平等的立法权,但仍无修宪权。1982年,英国女王签署《加拿大宪法法案》,加议会获得立宪、修宪的全部权力。

  Canada is the second largest country in the world. It is larger than the USA and reaches nearly a quarter of the way round the earth. The distance from east to west is over 5,500 kilometres and the country covers six of the worlds 24 time areas.

  并且在其他地方,尤其是在北部,还有许多湖。加拿大主要是考水力发电。它拥有大量的煤,石油,天然气资源。这些都是完全可以作为能源来利用开发。

  加拿大的大部分面积被森林覆盖,砍下来的木材被运往世界各地。加拿大还是世界上供应制作报纸所需纸张的最大的供应者。

  渔业在加拿大也是非常重要的。来自东部和西部海岸的鱼被销售往世界其他国家。

  —————可能我对它比较熟悉,所以翻译起来比较得心应手吧!—————(习惯匿名了,勿见怪)———————

  丹)隔戴维斯海峡遥遥相望,南接美国本土,北靠北冰洋达北极圈。海岸线万多公里。东部气温稍低,南部气候适中,西部气候温和湿润,北部为寒带苔原气候。加拿大国境边界长达8892公里,为全世界最长不设防疆界线,同时也是世界上海岸线最长的国家。加拿大作为世界上的第二大国,国土面积仅次于俄罗斯,但仅有3,500万居民在此居住,人口密度非常低。加拿大是一个具有现代化工业科技水平且能源与资源充足的发达国家,经济体制主要依靠自然资源。Canada is in North America north, east is near the Atlantic ocean, the western Pacific, adjacent to the northwest Alaska, the northeast and Greenland (Dan) every Davis strait distantly faces, south by native American, north of the Arctic Circle on the arctic ocean. About 240000 kilometers long coastline. Eastern slightly lower temperatures, the southern moderate climate, moderate and moist climate west, the northern tundra to boreal climate. Canada is 8892 km long frontier border, for the longest undefended border line around the world and also the longest of the country in Shanghai. Canada is the worlds second largest country, land area after Russia, but only 35 million residents living in this, the population density is very low. Canada is a modern industrial technology level and with energy and resources plenty of developed countries, economic system mainly rely on natural resources.


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